Socio-economic Inequalities and Healthcare Utilization in Ghana

Bashiru I.I. Saeed, Munyakazi Louis, Eric N. Aidoo, Nicholas. N.N. Nsowah-Nuamah, Alfred E. Yawson, Xicang Zhao

Abstract


A socio-economic inequality in the use of healthcare services in Ghana is investigated in this paper. The data employed in the study were drawn from Global Ageing and Adult Health survey conducted in Ghana by SAGE and was based on the design for the World Health Survey (WHS, 2003). The survey was conducted in 2007 and collected data on socio-economic characteristics and other variables of the individuals interviewed. Using generalized logit model, the study found that health status is a very strong determinant of the type of healthcare services Ghanaians look for. In Ghana, there are still important socio-economic gradients in the use of some healthcare services. These differences may be due to socio-economic inequities but could also indicate that the existing health facilities are not always used in an optimal way. Patient factors may be more important than supply factors in explaining the differential use of health services.

Keywords


Healthcare Utilization; Generalized Logit; Socio-economic inequities;Ghana.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/ijbsr.v3i1.88

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International journal of business and social research (Print)
ISSN 2164-2540

International journal of business and social research (Online)
ISSN 2164-2559

[International Journal of Business and Social Research (IJBSR) previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]