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Author Guidelines

Submissions: Mandatory files

  1. An anonymous MS Word file of the manuscript, including title, abstract, main body, references, and appendices.
  2. A title page with full author(s)' details and three suggested peer reviewers (upload it as a supplementary file).
  3. Other supplementary materials, if any.

Authors Guidelines for Article Preparation

  1. File format: Microsoft Word file format is only acceptable for the main manuscript document. All text in manuscripts should be in 12-point Times New Roman font, 1.5 spaced, justified-alignment only. 
  2. Pictures/ Images: Only JPEG (JPG) or TIFF (TIF) file format for illustrations and figures is accepted.
  3. Manuscript length: Each full-length research manuscript should be within 8000 words, a short comment should be 3000 words, and chapter or book review should be within 4000 words. Paper for the special issue should be between 5000 words. The word count excludes the abstract, references, tables, and appendices.
  4. Sections and subsections: Each manuscript should be divided into clearly defined sections with numbers assigned to each major section as 1.0, 2.0, etc. The subsections should be numbered as 1.01, 1.02, etc. Any further subsection is discouraged; however, if required, should follow the italic title and numbered as 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

e. Article structure: Each submitted manuscript should be prepared within the following framework.
  1. Abstract: The maximum length for the abstract is 200 words.  Suggested contents:  (1) background and/or problem statements, (2) purpose(s)/ aims or objectives, (3) method(s), (4) summary of key findings, and (5) contribution(s) and implication(s). The abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.
  2. Keywords and JEL Classification: Present 3–5 Keywords and appropriate 3-5 JEL classification codes immediately after the abstract.  
  3. Introduction: The introduction should clearly justify the rationale of the study with appropriate theoretical and empirical backgrounds. This section should include the reference of existing literature, credible information and data, and any theoretical support for describing why the current study is a worthy literary work. The introduction should briefly present critical findings, contributions, and structure of the rest of the paper. If a separate literature review section is required then, it can be placed immediately after the introduction to developing the hypothesis.
  4. Data and Methodology: This section should explain the data source (if any) and the empirical methodologies used in the manuscript. Proper reference should be maintained if the paper is produced by following any published methods.
  5. Results and Discussion: The result section should present the appropriate empirical results and make extensive discussions on the overall and critical findings. Relevant literature should be cited to reinforce the findings of the study.
  6. Conclusion and Policy Implications: The Journal holds that every single article published must contain some specific policy implications for policy planners of the appropriate regions or countries under study. If the paper is theoretical, the idea of such paper is even more valuable. The conclusion should clearly state the significant findings of the article without much repetition.

f. Appendices:  If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
g. Formulae and equations: Formulae and equations within the body of the manuscript should be given a separate number: Eq. (01), Eq. (02) or sub-equation Eq. (01.A). However, the equation in the appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A1.1), Eq. (A1.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (A2.1), Eq. (A2.2) and so on. Tables and figures within the body should be labeled as Table 01, Table 02 etc and Figure 01, Figure 02, etc. While tables and figures in the appendix should be labeled as Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
h. References Style

Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit to learn more about APA style. Examples of reference style are shown below. Please take care to follow the reference style precisely.

  1. Journal Article

Orengo C., Bray J., Hubbard T., LoConte L., (1999). The integration of common European markets. Economic Modelling, 13(3): 266-267.

  1. Journal Supplement Article

Koonin EV, Altschul SF, Bork P, (1996). Analysis and assessment of ab into three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins, 43 (Suppl 3): 149-170.

  1. Conference Proceeding

Zvaifler NJ, Burger JA, Marinova-Mutafchieva L, Taylor P, Maini RN, (1999). Zeolites and synthetic mechanisms. In Proceedings of the First National Conference on Porous Sieves: 27-30 June 1996;

  1. Published Abstract

Jones X, (1996). Mesenchymal cells, stromal derived factor-1 and rheumatoid arthritis Arthritis and Rheumatism, 42: s250.

  1. Book

Hunninghake GW, Gadek JE, (1995). Origin of Eukaryotic Cells. New Haven: Yale University Press.

  1. Reference to a chapter in an edited book: 

Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Economics. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304

  1. Monograph or Book in a Series

Schnepf E, (1993). The alveolar macrophage. In Cultured Human Cells and Tissues. Edited by Harris TJR. New York: Academic Press, 54-56.

  1. Book with Institutional Author

Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification, (1999). Annual Report, London.

  1. PhD Thesis

Kohavi R, (1995). Wrappers for performance enhancement and oblivious decision graphs. PhD thesis. Stanford University, Computer Science Department.

i. Abbreviations: If abbreviations are used in the text, please defined it in the text where first used.

j. Ethics: Permissions to use reprinted material, adapted material, and material owned by other parties are the sole responsibility of the authors. Moreover, all authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations. This should be disclosed in the forwarding letter while submitting the manuscript.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, file format.
  • Manuscript praparation guideline suggested by the journal has been followed. The guideline specifies many issues including maximum size, format of the article and style of referencing.
  • The submition file does not have author's information to ensure blinded review.
  • Once accepted, author(s) will be required to pay the publication fee to facilitate open-access publication.

Research paper

A research paper is a full-length detailed paper including hypothesis, background study, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and a discussion of possible implications.

Review Paper

Review paepr give an overview of existing literature on a given topic, often identifying specific problems or issues and analysing information from available published work on the topic.


Perspective paper are scholarly reviews of fundamental concepts or prevalent ideas in a field. These are usually essays that present a personal point of view critiquing widespread notions pertaining to a field.

Opinion and commentary

Opinion articles present the author’s viewpoint on the interpretation, analysis, or methods used in a particular study.

Commentaries usually present a criticism of a previously published article, book, or report.

Book Review

Book review presents scholarly insight and opinion on recently published scholarly books.

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