Determinants of Profitability of Insurance Firms in Ghana


  • Eric Kofi Boadi Koforidua Polytechnic, Koforidua, Ghana
  • Samuel Antwi Koforidua Polytechnic, Koforidua, Ghana School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, P.R. China
  • Victor Curtis Lartey Koforidua Polytechnic, Koforidua, Ghana



Determinants, Profitability (Return on Assets), leverage, liquidity and Tangibility.


The general objective of the study is to find out the determinants of the profitability of insurance firms in Ghana. Secondary data on financial reports were collected from sixteen insurance firms in Ghana for the period 2005 to 2010.The study was quantitative in nature. It adopted the longitudinal time dimension, specifically, the panel method and ordinary least square regression. The study discovered that, apart from tangibility which has a negative relationship, there is a positive relationship between leverage, liquidity and profitability of insurance firms in Ghana. It was also concluded that, the profitability model adopted has been explained in respect to all the independent variables and that the degree of error is less than 20%. Finally, it is suggested that the explanatory variables used in this study should be regressed on Return on Equity to find their extent of relationship on profitability.