Creating positive outcomes through perceived investment in employee development: Evidence from Kuwait

Michel Zaitouni


Drawing on the human capital and social exchange theories, this article examines the effect of perceived investment in employee development on three work behavior outcomes: turnover intentions, organization citizenship behavior, and affective commitment. Data from a sample of 126 employees working at different hierarchical levels in three different organizations in Kuwait were collected and analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis. The results support previous studies and indicate that PIED is more related to OCB and affective commitment than turnover intentions.


Effective commitment, OCB, turnover intentions.

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