Why People Leave Their Jobs?


  • Luis R. Domínguez A. Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Puerto Vallarta
  • Mariana Marcelino A. Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • Diego F. Cardona M. Universidad del Rosario
  • José Sergio Fernández Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral




Intention to leave, turnover, turnover intent, turnover intention, voluntary turnover.


This article aims to show the results of the review of literature of relevant studies of the causal elements of intention to leave in the last five years (2009-2013). The method used to evaluate the literature was based on the seven steps for research synthesis: problem formulation, literature search, obtaining information from studies, quality assessment studies, analysis and integration of results, interpretation of evidence and presentation of results. 48 studies from 15 different countries with a sample of 35804 employees of different companies were evaluated. The findings suggest the existence of 89 different variables influencing the intention to leave of employees in an organization. The results of this study will allow researchers to better understand the variables that can be studied to verify the impact of variables such as causal elements, but also see those that have a mediating effect between them for predicting intention to leave as an element of employee turnover. This study makes three important contributions to literature of turnover. First, in this study all the parameters associated with the intention to leave were checked. Second, this study categorizes and displays in proportion relevant interests to the scientific community whom studying employee turnover across the intention to leave. And thirdly provides clues organizations to improve some of its structural and contextual features to control turnover.

Author Biographies

Luis R. Domínguez A., Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Puerto Vallarta

Departamento de Investigación y PosgradosCuerpo Académico ITESDPV-CA-2

Mariana Marcelino A., Instituto Politécnico Nacional

Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Ingenierías Ciencias Sociales y Administrativas (UPIICSA)

Diego F. Cardona M., Universidad del Rosario

School of Management

José Sergio Fernández, Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral

Departamento de ciencias básicas y complementarias


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