Regional Dynamics of Triple Helix Spaces of Innovation, Knowledge and Consensus and the Creation of Firms in Coimbra (Portugal)

João Paulo C. Marques

Abstract


The purpose was to understand how the university-industry-government interaction has been applied at regional level to create a strong environment to generate new firms and encourage entrepreneurship. Based on the literature, the conceptual framework of Etzkowitz was used to aid in understanding the innovation, knowledge and consensus spaces, seeking to evaluate the regional dynamics of the triple helix.  The results show that the innovation and knowledge spaces influence entrepreneurship in the Coimbra region. On the one hand, the incubator and Tecnopólo, as indicators of innovation space, influence the birth of new firms from outside the University and, on the other, the social networks for learning and programs encouraging entrepreneurship, belonging to the knowledge space, prompt the birth of new firms with less than 10 employees.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/ijbsr.v4i1.374

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International journal of business and social research (Print)
ISSN 2164-2540

International journal of business and social research (Online)
ISSN 2164-2559

[International Journal of Business and Social Research (IJBSR) previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]