Gender issues in malaysian education: Factors influencing male and female students’ academic achievement through cognitive processes in public examinations


  • Suppiah Nachiappan Faculty of Education and Human Development Sultan Idris Education University
  • Velayudhan P. K. Veeran Sultan Idris Education University
  • Hari Krishnan Andi Sultan Idris Education University



Gender issues, Academic achievement, Hermeneutic Analysis, text, public examination


Gender issues in the field of education has been a continuos debated issue for generations. In the present context, the gender issue is being debated heatedly based on the differences in the achievements among male and female students in public exams.The objective of this study is to obtain views from (N=120) secondary school students randomly selected from various location in Malaysia. Hermeneutic analysis was used in order to analyse the students’ written essays on the factors which contributed to the achievement of the two genders in examinations. The findings of the study clearly indicated that female students outperform male students in examinations. The sample also summed up the factors leading to the failure of male students in performing well and ways to overcome this setback.





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