Credit Unions and Capital Adequacy: Managing Growth and Risk

R. Raymond Sant PhD, CFA, CMA, Regina W. Schroeder

Abstract


In this paper we argue that a financial institution needs to continuously monitor and assess its risk exposure in the context of capital requirements and available growth opportunities. Judicious management of the interaction between these three elements is crucial to the long term survival and growth of such an institution. We highlight different approaches to risk analysis, beyond stress testing, such as, Value at Risk and Monte Carlo simulation. We recommend that the board of directors establish a sub-committee of its directors to oversee risk management and capital control functions, and to monitor a credit union’s asset liability management activities on an ongoing basis. Efforts should also be made to increase the level of internal expertise regarding risk management and analysis with the full participation of the board, a function that should not be outsourced. In an increasingly regulated financial industry environment it is imperative that a financial institution seeks out growth opportunities while maintaining the balance between capital and risk exposure for long-term business continuity.

Keywords


Credit Unions; Risk Management; Stress Testing; Monte Carlo Simulations; Value at Risk; Capital Adequacy; Growth; Basel Accord

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/ijbsr.v2i6.148

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International journal of business and social research (Print)
ISSN 2164-2540

International journal of business and social research (Online)
ISSN 2164-2559

[International Journal of Business and Social Research (IJBSR) previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]