Analysis of Fiji’s Export and Its Impact on Economic Growth


  • Shivneil Kumar Raj Assistant Lecturer in Accounting at the University of Fiji
  • Priteshni Pratibha Chand The University of Fiji



Economic growth, exports, GDP (Gross Domestic Product), imports, international trade


Exports are vital for Fiji’s economy as it contributes significantly to its gross domestic product (GDP) and economic growth. The export data over the years show very slow growth and is gradually increasing. Fiji’s GDP data show that GDP is gradually increasing. Thus, Fiji’s economic growth is also increasing at a steady rate. This study aims to measure the relationship between exports and economic growth in Fiji. A regression analysis on data collected for Fiji from 2000-2015 shows that there is a strong positive relationship between exports and economic growth. Thus, when exports increase, economic growth also increases. Potential sectors that can be further developed to boost Fiji’s exports are sugar, garment, tourism and agriculture. The government should restrict imports through import quotas, tariffs and embargoes and give subsidies and tax incentives to potential export sectors to boost domestic production and increase exports. The government’s motive is to increase export incentives and promote Fiji made products both locally and overseas. Thus, this leads to an increase in exports, improves the trade balance and economic growth. This research article was undertaken to carry out research to investigate the link between Fiji’s export and economic growth and highlight ways and potential sectors to increase Fiji’s export and reduce imports.

Author Biographies

Shivneil Kumar Raj, Assistant Lecturer in Accounting at the University of Fiji

Assistant Lecturer in Accounting and Finance at the University of Fiji

Priteshni Pratibha Chand, The University of Fiji

The Department of EconomicsAssistant Lecturer


Abu-Qarn, A. S. and Abu-Bader, S. (2004) “The validity of the ELG hypothesis in the MENA region: cointegration and error correction analysis”, Applied Economics, 36, 1685 95.

Adjaye, A. 2010, “Contemporary Economic Policy Journal: The Implications of European Union Sugar Price Cuts, Economic Partnership Agreement, And Development Aid for Fiji,

Alkhuzaim, Waleed M. (2005). ‘Export-Led growth hypothesis: Causality analysis for oil-based Gulf Cooperation Council countries’, Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins.

Anon, (2015). [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Oct. 2015]. (2017). OEC – ‘Fiji (FJI) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners’. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Apr. 2017].

Bahmani-Oskooee, M. and Alse, J. (1993), “Export Growth and Economic Growth: an Application of Cointegration and Error Correction Modeling”, The Journal of Developing Areas, pp: 535–42.

Balassa, Bela (1978) ‘Exports and Economic Growth—Further Evidence’. Journal of Development Economics 5:2, 181–9Bhagwati, J. (1988), Protectionism. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Chemeda, F. (2001). ‘The Role of Exports In Economic Growth with Reference to Ethiopian Country’. In: Annual Meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association in Chicago.

Country Partnership Strategy (2014 – 2018): (accessed on 30th October, 2015).

Dodaro, S., 1993, “Exports and Growth: A Reconsideration of Causality”, Journal of Developing Areas, pp: 227-244

Economic Analysis: Summary. (2014). 1st Ed. [Ebook] Country Partnership Strategy: Fiji, 2014–2018. Available At: Https://Www.Adb.Org/Sites/Default/Files/Linked-Documents/Cps-Fij-2014-2018-Ea.Pdf [Accessed 30 Oct. 2015].

Feder, G. (1982) ‘On Exports And Economic Growth’, Journal Of Development Economics, 12: 59-3.

Holman, J.A. and Graves, P.E. (1995), “Korean Exports Economic Growth: An Econometric Reassessment”, Journal of Economic Development, pp: 45–56. (2015).’ Fiji Revenue & Customs Authority’. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Oct. 2015]. (2017). Home. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Oct. 2015].

Gujurati,D. (2003). Basic Econometrics. McGraw Hill Irwin: Gary Burke.

Henriques, I. and P. Sardosky (1996), ‘Export-led Growth or Growth driven Exports? The Canadian Case’, Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. XXIX, pp. 540–55.

Heshmati, A. and Peng, S. (2012). International Trade and Its Effects On Economic

Jung, W. S. and Marshall, P. J. (1985). “Exports, growth and causality indeveloping countries”, Journal of Development Economics, pp: 1-12.

Krueger, A. O., (1978), “Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: Liberalization Attempts and Consequences”, Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Lin, J. and Li, Y. (2001). Export and Economic Growth in China: A Demand-Oriented Analysis. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Apr. 2017].

Lucas, R.E. (1990), “Why does not capital flow from rich to poor countries”, American Economic Review, 80, 92-6.

Merza, Ebrahim. (2007) ‘Oil exports, non-oil exports and economic growth: Time series analysis for Kuwait (1970-2004)’, Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University, Manhatan.

Narayan, S. And Narayan, P. (2004). Determinants Of Demand For Fiji's Exports: An Empirical Investigation. The Developing Economies, 42(1), Pp.95-112.

Ndulu, B. and N. Ndungu (1998), ‘Trade and Growth in Africa’, in I. Zubair and M.S. Khan (eds), Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC.

Performance in China. China Economic Policy Review, 01(02), P.1250009.

Quddus, M. and Saeed, I. (2005). An Analysis of Exports and Growth in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development

Pugel, T. (2007). International Economics. McGraw Hill Irwin: Gary Burke.

Prasad, S (2000). Determinants of Exports in Fiji. Suva, Fiji.

Prasad, R. (2004). Fiji's Export Competitiveness: A Comparison with Selected Small Island Developing States. Reserve Bank of Fiji, [online] 2004(06), p.Working Paper. Available at: [Accessed 27 Oct. 2015]. (2015). Reserve Bank of Fiji - Home. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Oct. 2015]

Rogers, A. (2000). An Analysis of the Determinants of Fiji’s Imports. Suva, Fiji.

Ram, Rati. (1985) Export and Economic Growth: Some Additional Evidence, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 33, pp. 415-425.

Ram, R. (1986) Government size and economic growth: A new framework and some evidence from cross-section and time-series data. American Economic Review, 76(1), 191–203.

Ram, R. (1987) Exports and economic growth in developing countries: evidence from time series and gross-section Data, Journal of Economic Development and Cultural Change, 36: (1): 121-30.

Sprout, R.V.A., and J.H. Weaver (1993), “Exports and Economic Growth in a Simultaneous Equations Model,” Journal of Developing Areas, pp: 289-306.

UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji. (2017). About Fiji. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Apr. 2017].

Vuki, L. (2014). ‘World Forestry and Trees for Life. The Fiji Times, 29 March, 2014.

Shahbaz, M., Ahmad, K. and Asad, M. (n.d.). Exports-Led Growth Hypothesis in Pakistan: Further Evidence’.1sted.[ebook]Availableat:;jsessionid...?doi=[Accessed 7 Apr. 2017].

Sharma, S. and Dhakal, D. (1994). ‘Causal analyses between exports and economic growth in developing countries’. Applied Economics, 26(12), pp.1145-1157. (2017). International Trade Statistics - Fiji Bureau of Statistics. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Apr. 2017].

Velnampy, T. and Achchuthan, S. (2013).’ Export, Import and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sri Lanka’. 4th ed. [eBook] Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Available at:,%20No%209%20(2013).pdf [Accessed 7 Apr. 2017].

Witte, W. and Bhagwati, J. (1979). ‘Anatomy and Consequences of Exchange Control Regimes’. Southern Economic Journal, 46(2), p.681.

World News. (2017). Investment Fiji. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Apr. 2017]